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Print version ISSN 0075-9481On-line version ISSN 2346-9641


MIRANDE, Virginia. Chlorophytes, euglenophytes and cyanobacteria of high wetlands from three provinces of Argentine. Lilloa [online]. 2022, vol.59, n.1, pp.94-111. ISSN 0075-9481.

The aim this study was to contribute to the knowledge of the composition and structure of taxocenosis formed by cyanobacteria, chlorophytes and euglenophytes of these extreme environments in relation to abiotic variables (water electrical conductivity, salinity, pH, height above sea level and lake surface). In 2005, an interdisciplinary sampling was carried out covering twenty-six collection sites in three provinces from Argentinean Northwest. Abiotic and biotic data were recorded in the field and in the laboratory following conventional protocols. According to the results, most of the specimens in the province of Catamarca (coinciding with Jujuy and Salta) were cosmopolitan and related to salinity, with Cyanobacteria and Chroococcus turgidus standing out in general within this group; green algae were in second place, while euglenophytes were not recorded in this province. Taxocenosis was made up of phytoplankton species and those coming from other habitats. The low to intermediate values ​​of diversity (0.01-2.85) would be linked to the dominance of rare species and presence of a few taxa with high numbers of individuals. Biomass showed sensitivity to environmental conditions, highlighting in general a decrease of this variable with the increase in salinity, whose records varied between 24,007- 60,396,324 mg/ml of C. The application of the Principal Components Analysis for abiotic and biotic variables was a useful tool because it provided complementary information on the distribution of the selected sites. Finally, the quantification of cyanobacterial species potentially toxic and capable of producing blooms, such as Chroococcus turgidus, Microcystis flos-aquae and Nodularia spumigena lead to suggest a periodic control of these water bodies.

Keywords : Abundance; Argentine; biomass; diversity; phytoplankton.

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