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Revista argentina de reumatología

Print version ISSN 0327-4411On-line version ISSN 2362-3675


SORRENTINO, Laura et al. Rheumatoid factor in ANCA associated vasculitis. Rev. argent. reumatolg. [online]. 2022, vol.33, n.3, pp.118-122. ISSN 0327-4411.


rheumatoid factor tests are mainly used for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, it may also be present in other diseases. Its clinical significance in the context of ANCA associated vasculitis (AAV) is still uncertain. The objective was to establish the clinical and prognostic significance of RF in patients with AAV.

Materials and methods:

a retrospective observational study was carried out. Patients with a diagnosis of AAV (GPA, MAP and AGEP) over 18 years of age with RF requested before the start of treatment were evaluated. The following data were collected: age, sex, type of AAV, disease duration, treatment, affected organs, Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS), Five Factor Score (FFS), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, dialysis requirement, attendance mechanical ventilation, mortality and cause of death. The odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated to determine the strength of association between variables.


we included 32 patients in whom we found 31.2% positive RF. Compared to those with negative RF, there were no significant differences with respect to clinical manifestations, nor disease activity measured by BVAS and acute phase reactants. The presence of the rheumatoid factor was associated with lower admission to dialysis (OR 0.14 CI 0.02-0.8 p=0.02) and mortality (p=0.04). There were no significant differences with respect to FFS.


in our study, the presence of RF in patients with ANCA vasculitis was associated with a lower requirement for dialysis and lower mortality. These findings were not statistically correlated with the FFS. No association was found between the presence of RF and organ involvement, disease activity, or mechanical ventilation requirement.

Keywords : ANCA vasculitis; rheumatoid factor; prognosis; kidney damage; dialysis.

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