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Estudios del trabajo

versão impressa ISSN 0327-5744versão On-line ISSN 2545-7756


LONGO, Julieta  e  BUSSO, Mariana. Precariedades: Sus heterogeneidades e implicancias en el empleo de los jóvenes en Argentina. Estud. trab. [online]. 2017, n.53. ISSN 0327-5744.

The precariousness of work continues to be one of the main problems of the labor market. In Argentina, as internationally, it affects almost half of the workers. However this concept refers to very different working conditions and experiences. We can see this situation for the particular case of young people, whose entry into the labor market is marked by precariousness: while for someone that income determines the conditions that will live throughout their career, for others it is only a "step job", and manage to overcome, to varying degrees, the precariousness. Even for someone precariousness is a choice, and in those cases it is not associated with unprotected and instability. This article seeks to contribute to the studies of this problematic subject, starting from the distinction of three meanings of the term. In some cases, the precariousness is used as a synonym for poverty and vulnerability, in others as a way of accounting for the degradation of the quality of work. In a third sense, precariousness is used as a noun to describe "the precarious": and it becomes a reference for collective organization. The article suggests that the processes of degradation of the quality of work, produce and reproduce precariousness, in plural. However, sometimes the workers, through organizational processes, manage to articulate this word in singular and regroup heterogeneous and fragmented situations. This is due to the ways in which the precariousness is used and re-appropriated and, therefore, it is important to distinguish its use as an analytical category from its political potentiality.

Palavras-chave : Precariousness; Youth; Heterogeneities.

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