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Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina

versión On-line ISSN 1851-7471

Rev. Soc. Entomol. Argent. v.66 n.1-2 Mendoza ene./jul. 2007

 

The occurrence of Pachytullbergia scabra (Collembola: Pachytullbergiidae) on Pseudocyphellaria granulata (lichenized Ascomycota)

La presencia de Pachytullbergia scabra (Collembola: Pachytullbergiidae) sobre Pseudocyphellaria granulata (Ascomycota liquenizados)

Messuti, María Inés And Marcelo Kun

Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 S.C. de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina; e-mail: mmessuti@crub.uncoma.edu.ar

RESUMEN. El colémbolo Pachytullbergia scabra Bonet (Pachytullbergiidae), previamente registrada en América austral como habitante de la superficie de la corteza de Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst., fue coleccionada sobre la especie liquénica Pseudocyphellaria granulata (C. Bab.) Malme. Éste es el primer registro de una asociación artrópodo-líquen en los bosques templado-fríos de la Argentina.

PALABRAS CLAVE. Collembola; Pachytullbergia scabra; Pseudocyphellaria granulata; Ascomycota liquenizados; Nothofagus; Patagonia

ABSTRACT. The springtail species Pachytullbergia scabra Bonet (Pachytullbergiidae), previously recorded in austral America inhabiting the surfaces of Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst. bark, has been collected growing on the epiphytic lichen species Pseudocyphellaria granulata (C. Bab.) Malme. This is the first record of an arthropod-lichen association in the cool temperate forest of Argentina.

KEY WORDS. Collembola; Pachytullbergia scabra; Pseudocyphellaria granulata; Lichenized Ascomycota; Nothofagus forest; Patagonia

There are some reports on arthropodslichen interactions from different parts of the world (Salmon, 1962; Weber, 1974; Gilbert 1976; Gerson & Seaward, 1977; Wessels et al., 1979; Seaward, 1988; Prinzing & Wirtz 1997; Materna, 2000; Aptroot & Berg 2004; Lalley et al. 2006). However, until now there had been no such records for the southern South America region. We report here the first record of an arthropod-lichen association in the cool temperate forest of Argentina.

Deciduous and/or evergreen trees of the genus Nothofagus dominate the southwestern Argentine forests in Patagonia. The lichen flora of these forests is predominantly epiphytic. To date, there is only one ecological report on Collembola sheltering in lichens growing on rocks in a Nothofagus pumilio forest in Chile (Covarrubias et al., 1988).

During our preliminary collection trips in July (winter) and December (summer) 2006, lichens of different growth forms were collected in a Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst. (coihue) forest at Lago Escondido, Nahuel Huapi National Park (Río Negro Province, Argentina), to study lichenarthropod associations. Lichen thalli were collected at six sites on solitary or fallen trunks of N. dombeyi at heights 0.20-1.50 m above the ground. In the laboratory, the microfauna associated with collected lichens was extracted with a Berlesse-Tullgren funnel under artificial illumination (incandescent light bulb, 40W). Subsequently, the animals were sorted by species and transferred to 70% alcohol.

The collembolan Pachytullbergia scabra Bonet (Collembola: Pachytullbergiidae) was present on the epiphytic corticolous thalli of the lichen species Pseudocyphellaria granulata (C. Bab.) Malme. Mean density of this collembolan species 7 individuals per thallus (max. 12 individuals per thallus, ca. 1 individual per cm2). Bark samples taken next to the lichens rendered no P. scabra specimens.

This is the first record of such an arthropod-lichen association from Nothofagus forests in Argentina. This infrequent collembolan species is known only from a few localities in moist and shaded habitats in southwest Patagonian temperate forest. Pachytullbergia scabra was recorded previously by Cassagnau and Rapopot (1962) at Nahuel Huapi National Park, and also at Los Alerces National Park (Chubut Province), in both cases inhabiting the surface of Nothofagus dombeyi bark. Other records of this species can be found in the Checklist of the Collembola of the World (Ballinger et al., 1996-2006).

Since identifiable remains of lichens (green photobionts or hyphae) could not be observed from our initial observation of the stomach contents of Pachytullbergia scabra, we believe P. scabra does not feed on thalli of Pseudocyphellaria granulata. Rather, we suggest thalli may provide shelter from extreme environmental conditions and predators and foraging grounds for gathering associated microorganisms and organic matter. In fact, lichens are known to be used by collembolans as shelter from climatic extremes in many regions (Salmon, 1962; Leinaas & Sømmes 1984; Seaward, 1988).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

We thank H.T. Lumbsch (Chicago), P.D. Crittenden (Nottingham) and M.R.D. Seaward (Bradford) for providing literature and helpful suggestions. Financial support was provided by U.N. del Comahue (Secretaría de Investigación y Extensión, Grant No. B0118) and CONICET (PIP 5270).

LITERATURE CITED

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Recibido: 22-03-2007;
aceptado: 4-6-2007