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Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

versión On-line ISSN 1851-2372

Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. v.42 n.1-2 Córdoba ene./jul. 2007

 

The specimens of Hysterium lineare (Hysteriaceae, Ascomycota) in the Farlow Cryptogamic Herbarium*

 

Laura Emma Lorenzo1 y María Inés Messuti1,2

*Trabajo publicado en homenaje a la Dra Irma J. Gamundi en conmemoración de su 80º aniversario.
1Departamento de Botánica, Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, R8400 FRF, San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina.
2CONICET.

 


Summary: Fourteen specimens identified as Hysterium lineare Fr. in Farlow Herbarium (FH) were examined during a study of some hysteriaceous Ascomycota. This analysis revealed that the collections belong to the genera: Gloniella , Gloniopsis , Glonium , Hysterium , Hysterographium , and Mytilinidion. This article comprises a list of current names arranged alphabetically, with collection data and some comments about the identifications.

Key words: Ascomycota; Hysteriaceae; Mytilinidaceae; Herbarium FH.

Resumen: Los especímenes de Hysterium lineare (Hysteriaceae, Ascomycota) en el Herbario Criptogámico Farlow. Durante el estudio de algunas especies de Ascomycota con histerotecios, se examinaron catorce especímenes del Herbario Farlow (FH) identificados como Hysterium lineare Fr. Este análisis reveló que las colecciones corresponden a los géneros: Gloniella , Gloniopsis , Glonium , Hysterium , Hysterographium y Mytilinidion . Este artículo presenta una lista de los nombres actuales de las especies ordenadas alfabéticamente, con los datos de colección y algunos comentarios sobre las identificaciones.

Palabras clave: Ascomycota; Hysteriaceae; Mytilinidaceae; Herbario FH.


 

In the course of our works about southern South America species of hysteriaceous Ascomycota (Messuti & Lorenzo, 1997, 2003, 2007 in press; Lorenzo & Messuti, 1998, 2005) we ask FH for the type material of Hysterium lineare Fr. Because of the type material was not in the Herbarium, the Assistant Curator offered and sent in loan, fourteen specimens identified as H. lineare.
The material was studied and revealed that there were misidentifications. The aim of this contribution is to present a list of current names with authors of those specimens and collection information (if it was available in envelops and labels) of the material examined and some comments about the identifications.
Names of genera and species have been updated as far as feasible. Family names follow Ainsworth & Bisby´s Dictionary of the Fungi (Kirk et al., 2001). The list of the collections was arranged alphabetically, preceded with data of identification registered by the Herbarium.
The Species:
FAM. HYSTERIACEAE GLONIELLA Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 2: 765 (1883).
Blake (640): Gloniella aff. graphidoidea Rehm (Fig. 1 A ).


Fig. 1. A . Gloniella aff. graphidoidea [Blake (640)]. B. Gloniella aff. graphidoidea [Sprague (679)]. C. Glonium lineare (Suecia ex cl. Fries). D. Gloniopsis praelonga (Ex Herb. Ellis from Joseph Blake). E. Glonium lineare (Without references–J. De Notaris). F. Glonium lineare (Ex Coll. G.W. Clinton - Gray Herbarium). G. Hysterium angustatum [Wright (125)].

Ex Coll. G.W. Clinton - Gray Herbarium: Glonium lineare (Fr.) De Not. (Fig. 1 F ).
USA . Buffalo , New York (FH). Slide n° 2306 not included in the envelope.
Without references: Glonium lineare (Fr.) De Not. (Fig. 2 A ).


Fig. 2. A . Glonium lineare ( Without references). B. Hysterium insidens (851). C. Hysterographium mori (885). D. Hysterographium mori [Sartwell (35)]. E. Hysterographium mori [Peck (299)]. F. Mytilinidion thujarum [Ravenel (1455)]. G. Mytilinidion thujarum [Beaumont (303)].

There are not collections records. The only information available in the envelope is: «563. Hysterium angustatum Pers. Syn. Fung. p. 99? ex Pers. in Litt. Ad ligna exsiccata inprimis Coryli Avellanæ au Cookis British Fungi, II p 760. Mong. sb Malt. Coll. ? (FH).
Without references– J. De Notaris: Glonium lineare (Fr.) De Not. (Fig. 1 E).
Ad palus prope Genuam , Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH).

HYSTERIUM Pers., Tent. disp. meth. Fung.: 5 (1797).
Wright (125): Hysterium angustatum Alb. et Schwein. (Fig. 1 G ).
USA. Conn. Cort. Mali, 1856, Wright (125), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH).
(851): Hysterium insidens Schwein. (Fig. 2 B). USA. N.C., Hillsborough. Lign. ingot. (851), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH).

USA . Maine . Lign. Mali , 1859, Blake (640), Harvard University Herbaria, Curtis folder 409-410 (FH). Sprague (679): Gloniella aff. graphidoidea Rehm (Fig. 1 B).
USA . Mass. In Querco , V.1856, Sprague (679), Harvard University Herbaria, Curtis folder 409-410 (FH).
Comments: Gloniella graphidoidea Rehm was originally described growing on Pteris aquilina , from France . Both FH collections (Blake 640, Sprague 679) agree with the description by Zogg (1962) except in the dimensions of both the asci (100-106 x 16-20 µm) and the broad of ascospores (8 µm).

GLONIOPSIS De Not., G. bot. ital. 2 (2): 12 (1847). Ex Herb. Ellis from Joseph Blake: Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) H. Zogg (Fig. 1 D).
USA . Wills ?, Me. ? (FH). There is no more information in the envelope.
GLONIUM Mühl. , Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept.: 101 (1813). Suecia ex cl. Fries : Glonium lineare (Fr.) De Not. (Fig. 1 C ).
The information available in the envelope is: «90. Hysterium lineare Fr. Suecia ex cl. Fries» and «Fries Scleromyceti Suecia ex Curtis»

HYSTEROGRAPHIUM Corda, Icon. fung. (Abellini) 5: 34, 77 (1842).
(885): Hysterographium mori (Schwein.) Rehm (Fig. 2 C ).
USA . N.C., Hillsborough. Gleditshiae lign. (885), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH). Slide n° 2405, in good condition. Sartwell (35): Hysterographium mori (Schwein.) Rehm (Fig. 2 D).
USA. N.Y., Penn Yan. Lign. Querc. 1848, Sartwell (35), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH). Peck (299): Hysterographium mori (Schwein.) Rehm (Fig. 2 E).
USA. N.Y., Sand Lake. Lign. pinneum, VI.1869, Peck, C. H. (299), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH).

FAM. MYTILINIDIACEAE MYTILINIDION Duby, Mém. Soc. Phys. et Hist. Nat. Genève 16: 34 (1861).
Ravenel (1455): Mytilinidion thujarum (Cooke & Peck) Lohman (Fig. 2 F ).
There are two specimens with the same collection number in the envelope: USA. S.C., Black Oak. Lign. Taxodii, Ravenel (1455), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH). Slide n° 2404, in bad condition. USA. S.C., Santee Canal , Ravenel (1455), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH). This collection was revised by Lohmann. Beaumont (303): Mytilinidion thujarum (Cooke & Peck) Lohman (Fig. 2 G ).
USA. Alabama. Ad lign. pinneum, Aest.1854, Beaumont (303), Harvard University Herbaria Curtis folder 409-410 (FH).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

We wish dedicate this work to Dra. Irma J. Gamundí de Amos for her human quality, educational vocation and permanent stimulus. We are grateful to the Assistant Curator of FH for the loan of material. Funds for this research were provided by grant B04- 118 from Universidad Nacional del Comahue and PIP 5270 CONICET.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

KIRK, P. M., P. F. CANNON, J. C. DAVID & J. A. STALPERS. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby´s Dictionary of the Fungi . 9 th ed. International Mycological Institute, CAB International, London .         [ Links ]

LORENZO, L. E. & M. I. MESSUTI. 1998. Noteworthy Hysteriaceae from Southern South America . Mycol . Res . 102: 1101-1107         [ Links ]

LORENZO, L E. & M. I. MESSUTI. 2005. Glyphium elatum (Ascomycota) in Patagonia (Argentina). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot . 40: 13-16.         [ Links ]

MESSUTI, M. I. & L. E. LORENZO. 1997. A new species of Hysterium from Patagonia, Argentina. Mycol . Res .101: 302-304.         [ Links ]

MESSUTI, M. I. & L. E. LORENZO. 2003. Notes on the genus Hysterographium (Ascomycota) in southern South America. Nova Hedwigia 76: 451-458.         [ Links ]

MESSUTI, M. I. & L. E.LORENZO. 2007. Taxonomy of Glonium (Hysteriales, Ascomycota) in southern Argentina and Chile. Nova Hedwigia 84: in press.         [ Links ]

ZOGG, H. 1962. Die Hysteriaceae s. str. und Lophiaceae unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der mitteleuropäischen Formen. Beitr. Kryptogamenfl. Schweiz 11: 1-190.         [ Links ]

Recibido el 15 de Noviembre de 2006,
aceptado el 21 de Marzo de 2007.