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Kurtziana

On-line version ISSN 1852-5962

Kurtziana vol.37 no.1 Córdoba Jan./June 2012

 

ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES

An update on the families Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae (Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota) from Argentina and Chile: a checklist

 

Laura Emma Lorenzo 1, * & María Inés Messuti 1

1 Departamento de Botánica, Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400-San Carlos de Bariloche, Provincia de Río Negro, Argentina. INIBIOMA - CONICET - UNComahue.
* Corresponding author: lauralor@gmail.com

 


Summary

A checklist of some hysteriaceous Ascomycota from Argentina and Chile has been compiled recognizing: 35 accepted species in 11 genera distributed in the families Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae. Synonymous and doutful species are included. The catalog is based mainly on the literature reports and our own collections and publications, as well as herbarium specimens.

Key words: Mycobiota; Histerothecioid species; Southern South America.

Resumen

Actualización sobre las familias Hysteriaceae y Mytilinidiaceae (Dothideomycetes Ascomycota) en Argentina y Chile: un catálogo

Este catálogo de algunos Ascomycota con histerotecios, registrados para Argentina y Chile, ha sido confeccionado reconociendo: 35 especies aceptadas en 11 géneros distribuidos en las familias Hysteriaceae y Mytilinidiaceae. Se incluyen los sinónimos y las especies dudosas. El catálogo se basó principalmente en literatura, nuestras propias colecciones y publicaciones, como así también en especímenes de herbario.

Palabras clave: Micobiota; Especies con histerotecios; Sur de Sudamérica.


 

Introduction

The first taxonomic studies concerning the fungi with hysterothecioid ascomata from Argentina and Chile were published by Rehm (1899) and Spegazzini (1880; 1881a, b; 1887; 1902; 1908; 1909; 1910; 1912; 1921). Some species of Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae were recorded in contributions that were carried out by Catania (2009), Mujica Richatt & Vergara Castillo (1980), Romero (1994) and Rosato (2007). Since 1997 particular studies of hysteriaceous genera in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego (Argentina y Chile) were published by the authors of this checklist.

This catalogue includes species and infraespecific taxa in eleven genera of the families Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae from Argentina and Chile that were studied previously by the authors of this contribution.

Classification at generic level and above follows the currently 10th edition of Dictionary of the Fungi (Kirk et al., 2008). Recent results of molecular phylogenetic research of the hysteriaceous bitunicate Ascomycota were presented by Boehm et al. (2009a, b) where they include taxonomic changes.

Material and Methods

The genera of fungi are listed alphabetically, as well as the accepted species (indicated in bold) under each generic heading. Information about synonyms is presented after the name in current use. Species being synonyms or transferred to other genera are also listed (indicated in italic). We included all the type specimens studied by us. Authors' abbreviations follow Authors of Plants Names (Brummitt & Powell, 1992). Each taxon is accompanied by information about Argentinean and Chilean distribution, habitat, substratum and a list of literature citations that provide descriptions, illustrations, identification keys and/or recent suggested taxonomical changes. The cited herbaria in this checklist are those mentioned in the scant information obtained from the literature together with those that loaned the type specimens for this study.

The information about synonyms of infrageneric taxa was obtained from Barr (1975, 1990); Boehm et al. (2009b); Goree (1974); Index Fungorum - www.indexfungorum.org - (2011) and Zogg (1962).

The initials used in the distribution of the Argentinean specimens are: BA ( Provincia de Buenos Aires), CA (Provincia de Catamarca), CH (Provincia de Chubut), MZ (Provincia de Mendoza), NQ (Provincia de Neuquén), RN (Provincia de Río Negro), SC (Provincia de Santa Cruz), SJ (Provincia de San Juan), SL (Provincia de San Luis), TF (Provincia de Tierra del Fuego , Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) and TU (Provincia de Tucumán); and for the Chilean specimens are: V (Quinta Región de Valparaíso), VII (Séptima Región del Maule), VIII (Octava Región del Bío-Bío), X (Décima Región de los Lagos), XII (Duodécima Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena), XIII (Región Metropolitana), XIV (Decimocuarta Región de los Ríos).

Results and Discussion

TAXA

GLONIELLA Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 765. 1883; Hysteriaceae

Type: Gloniella lapponica (P. Karst.) Sacc. (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Gloniella ambigua P. Karst. = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Gloniella antarctica Speg., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cienc./Córdoba 11: 247. 1887.

Type: LPS 28168, holotype!

Distribution: TF, Argentina.

Habitat: Mixed evergreen-deciduous forest.

Substratum: On dead leaves of Grammitis magellanica Desv.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species. The species was wrongly cited by Minter & Peredo López (2006) from Chile. On the Spegazzini´s original envelope of the type specimen appears clearly wrote that the locality of the collection was Staten Island (Isla de los Estados, Argentina).

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Minter & Peredo López (2006); Spegazzini (1887).

Gloniella araucana Speg., Rev. Fac. Agron. Vet. La Plata 6: 115. 1910.

Type: LPS 1244, holotype n. v.

Distribution: V, Chile.

Habitat: Sclerophyll matorral.

Substratum: On decomposed culms of Chusquea cumingii Nees

Herbarium: LPS, HMAS?

Comments: Doubtful species.

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1910, 1921); Teng (1933).

Gloniella australis Speg., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cienc./Córdoba 11: 245. 1887.

Type: LPS 1246, holotype!

Gloniella australis var. minor Speg., 1887. Type: LPS 1247, holotype!

Distribution: TF, Argentina.

Habitat: Mixed evergreen-deciduous forest.

Substratum: On decorticated trunks of Nothofagus spp.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Messuti & Lorenzo (2009).

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1887).

Gloniella australis var. minor Speg. = Gloniella australis Speg.

Gloniella caucasica Rehm = Psiloglonium araucanum (Speg.) E. Boehm, Marincowitz & Schoch

Gloniella chilensis Speg., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cienc./Córdoba 25: 80. 1921.

Type: LPS 1202, holotype!

Distribution: V, Chile.

Habitat: Sclerophyll matorral.

Substratum: On branches of Dasyphyllum excelsum (D. Don) Cabrera

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1921).

Gloniella gilliesi Speg., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cienc./Córdoba 25: 81. 1921.

Type: LPS 1203, holotype!

Distribution: V, Chile.

Habitat: Sclerophyll matorral.

Substratum: On branches of Clinopodium chilense (Benth.) Govaerts

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species.

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1921).

Gloniella graphidioidea Rehm, Hedwigia 42: 290. 1903.

Type: Ex herb. Arnold (exsiccata H. Rehm, Ascomyceten nr. 1460; S reg. nr. F 11143, lectotype!).

Hysterium graphideum Speg., 1909. Type: LPS 28171, holotype!

Distribution: BA, Argentina.

Habitat: Unknown.

Substratum: On twigs of Erythrina crista-galli L.

Herbarium: FH, HBS, LPS, S

Comments: Lichenized. The synonymy of this species is based on Messuti & Lorenzo (2010).

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2010); Spegazzini (1909).

Gloniella jaffueli Speg. = Glonium jaffueli (Speg.) Messuti & Lorenzo

Gloniella multiseptata Speg., An. Soc. Cient. Argentina 11: 246. 1887.

Type: LPS 1245, holotype!

Distribution: XII, Chile.

Habitat: Bogs of Sphagnum magellanicum Brid.

Substratum: On twigs of Gaultheria mucronata (L. f.) Hook. & Arn.

Herbarium: LPS

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1887).

Gloniella typhae (Fuckel) Sacc., Syll. Fung. II: 768-769. 1883.

Hysterium typhae Fuckel, 1873. Type: G!

Glonium chusqueae Speg., 1910. Type: LPS 1257, holotype!

Distribution: XIV, Chile.

Habitat: Rainforest.

Substratum: On Chusquea valdiviensis E. Desv.

Herbarium: G, HBS, LPS

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Lorenzo & Messuti (1998) and Zogg (1962).

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Spegazzini (1910); Zogg (1962).

GLONIOPSIS De Not., G. bot. ital. 2: 12, 23. 1847; Hysteriaceae

Type: Gloniopsis decipiens De Not. (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Gloniopsis araucana Speg., Rev. Fac. Agron. Vet. La Plata 6: 118. 1910.

Type: LPS 1243, holotype!

Distribution: XIV, Chile.

Habitat: Rainforest.

Substratum: On Francoa sonchifolia Cav.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species.

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Spegazzini (1910).

Gloniopsis argentinensis Speg., Anal. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires (ser. 3) 8: 74. 1902.

Type: LPS 1200, holotype!

Distribution: BA, Argentina.

Habitat: Unknown.

Substratum: On naked branches of Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Herbarium: LPS

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Spegazzini (1902).

Gloniopsis australis (Duby) Sacc., Syll. Fung. II: 774. 1883.

Hysterium australe Duby, 1862.

Distribution: BA, Argentina.

Habitat: Introduced forest trees.

Substratum: On branches of Melia azederach L. and Persica vulgaris Mill., on wood of Duvaua longifolia Lindt., on stumps of Eucalyptus viminalis Labill. and on unidentified pieces of wood.

Herbarium: BAFC, LPS

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Index Fungorum - www.indexfungorum.org - (2011). Up to now it is considered as a doubtful species. It could be a synomym of Gloniopsis praelonga.

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Romero (1994); Spegazzini (1909); Zogg (1962).

Gloniopsis brevisaccata M. L. Lohman = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis buxi Petr. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis cookeana (W. R. Gerard) Sacc. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis decipiens De Not. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis insignis (Cooke & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis lepophila Kirschst. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis levantica Rehm = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis lonicerae (W. Phillips & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis muelleri (Duby) Sacc. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis penzigii = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis vaccinii (Carmich. ex Berk.) Boughey = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis verbasci (Schwein.) Rehm = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis vienalis Sacc. & Briard = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle (as 'praelongum'), Bull. Alabama Agric. Exp. St. 80: 196. 1897.

Hysterium praelongum Schwein., 1834. Type: PH SYN 2074, holotype?!

Hysterium verbasci Schwein., 1834.

Gloniopsis verbasci (Schwein.) Rehm, 1886.

Gloniopsis decipiens De Not., 1847.

Hysterium muelleri Duby, 1862.

Gloniopsis muelleri (Duby) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium Cookeanum W. R. Gerard, 1876.

Gloniopsis cookeana (W. R. Gerard) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium lonicerae W. Phillips & Harkn., 1884b.

Gloniopsis lonicerae (W. Phillips & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino, 1886.

Hysterographium insigne Cooke & Harkn., 1885.

Gloniopsis insignis (Cooke & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino, 1886.

Gloniopsis levantica Rehm, 1886.

Gloniopsis australis ssp. vinealis Sacc. & Briosi, 1891.

Gloniopsis penzigii Paoli, 1905.

Hysterium connivens Cooke & Harkn., 1885.

Gloniopsis brevisaccata M. L. Lohman, 1933a.

Gloniopsis lepophila Kirschst., 1938.

Hysterium vaccinii Carmich., 1936.

Gloniopsis vaccinii (Carmich.) Boughey, 1939.

Gloniopsis buxi Petr., 1947.

Distribution: BA, NQ, TU, Argentina.

Habitat: Introduced forest trees of E. viminalis, Nothofagus forest and Podocarpus parlatorei Pilg. forest.

Substratum: On fallen decorticated branches of unidentified trees and stumps of E. viminalis.

Herbarium: B, BAFC, BCRU, FH, LIL, LPS, PH, Z

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Zogg (1962).

References: Catania (2009); Lorenzo & Messuti (1998, 2007); Romero (1994); Zogg (1962).

Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 65. 2009.

Hysterium subrugosum Cooke & Ellis, 1876.

Hysterographium hiascens Rehm, 1881.

Hysterographium subrugosum (Cooke & Ellis) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterographium kansense Ellis & Everh., 1894.

Hysterographium cylindrosporum Rehm, 1899.

Hysterographium minutum M. L. Lohman, 1933.

Distribution: NQ, RN, TF, Argentina; XII, Chile.

Habitat: Patagonian Andes forests.

Substratum: On wood or twigs (sometimes decorticated) of Nothofagus antarctica (G. Forst) Oerst., N. dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst., N. pumilio (Poepp. & Endl.) Krasser and Drimys winteri J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.

Herbarium: BCRU, LPS, S

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b).

References: Barr (2009); Boehm et al. (2009b); Messuti & Lorenzo (2003); Zogg (1962).

GLONIUM Muhl., Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept.: 101. 1813; Hysteriaceae

Type: Glonium stellatum Muhl. (Clements & Shear, 1973).

Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman, Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl. 64: 64. 1937.

Hysterium abbreviatum Schwein., 1834. Type: PH 2094, holotype?!

Hysterium medium Cooke, 1879.

Glonium medium (Cooke) Sacc., 1883.

Glonium microsporum Sacc., 1875.

Glonium microsporum var. minor Speg., 1908.

Psiloglonium microsporum Höhn, 1924.

Hysterium parvulum W. R. Gerard, 1874.

Glonium parvulum (W. R. Gerard) Sacc., 1883.

Psiloglonium parvulum (W. R. Gerard) E. Müll., 1962.

Glonium ruthenicum Petr., 1921.

Psiloglonium ruthenicum (Petr.) Petr., 1925.

Glonium valdivianum Speg., 1910. Type: LPS 1266, holotype!

Distribution: BA, CA, NQ, TU, Argentina; V, VIII, X, Chile.

Habitat: Introduced forest trees of E. viminalis, Nothofagus forest, mixed forest of Persea lingue and P. parlatorei forest.

Substratum: On wood of fallen branches of Lomatia sp. (?), P. lingue, on Chusquea culeou E. Desv. culms and stumps of E. viminalis.

Herbarium: BAFC, BCRU, LIL, LPS

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Lorenzo & Messuti (1998), Messuti & Lorenzo (2007) and Zogg (1962). Boehm et al. (2009b) placed the genus Glonium outside of Hysteriaceae, in the family Gloniaceae. Recently, Mugambi & Huhndorf (2009) proposed a new genus (Anteaglonium) outside the Hysteriales but within the Pleosporales, to accommodate A. abbreviatum as a synonym of G. abbreviatum. The genus Anteaglonium was listed as genera incertae sedis by Lumbsch & Huhndorf (2010).

References: Catania (2009); Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Messuti & Lorenzo (2007); Mugambi & Huhndorf (2009); Mujica Richatt & Vergara Castillo (1980); Romero (1994); Spegazzini (1908, 1910); Zogg (1962).

Glonium araucanum Speg. = Psiloglonium araucanum (Speg.) E. Boehm, Marincowitz & Schoch

Glonium caucasicum (Rehm) H. Zogg = Psiloglonium araucanum (Speg.) E. Boehm, Marincowitz & Schoch

Glonium chusqueae Speg. = Gloniella typhae (Fuckel) Sacc.

Glonium jaffueli (Speg.) Messuti & Lorenzo, Nova Hedwigia 89: 233. 2009.

Gloniella jaffueli Speg., 1921. Type: LPS 1204, holotype!

Distribution: V, Chile.

Habitat: Sclerophyll matorral.

Substratum: On branches of Proustia pyrifolia DC.

Herbarium: LPS

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1921).

Glonium chilense Speg., Rev. Fac. Agron. Vet. La Plata 6: 111. 1910.

Type: LPS 1258, holotype!

Distribution: VIII, Chile.

Habitat: Sclerophyllous forest.

Substratum: On death branches of Cryptocarya sp. (?).

Herbarium: LPS

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Spegazzini (1910).

Glonium colihuae Lorenzo & Messuti = Psiloglonium colihuae (Lorenzo & Messuti) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Glonium costesi Speg. (as 'costesi') = Psiloglonium ephedrae (Henn.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Glonium ephedrae Henn. = Psiloglonium ephedrae (Henn.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Glonium cumingii Speg., Rev. Fac. Agron. Vet. La Plata 6: 113. 1910.

Type: Not found.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species. Mentioned from Chile in Valparaíso and Concepción (Minter & Peredo López, 2006; Mujica Richatt & Vergara Castillo,1980).

References: Messuti & Lorenzo (2009); Minter & Peredo López (2006); Mujica Richatt & Vergara Castillo (1980); Spegazzini (1910).

Glonium medium (Cooke) Sacc. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Glonium microsporum Sacc. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Glonium microsporum var. minor Speg. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Glonium parvulum (W. R. Gerard) Sacc. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Glonium uspallatense Speg. = Psiloglonium uspallatense (Speg.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Glonium valdivianum Speg. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

GLYPHIUM Nitschke ex F. Lehm., Nova Acta Ksl. Leop.-Carol. Deutsche Akad. Nat. f. 50: 139. 1886; Mitylinidaceae

Type: Glyphium elatum (Grev.) Zogg (fide Zogg, 1962).

Glyphium dolabriforme (Wallr.) F. Lehm. = Glypium elatum (Grev.) H. Zogg

Glyphium elatum (Grev.) H. Zogg, Beitr. Kryptfl. Schweiz 11: 99. 1962.

Lophium elatum Grev., 1825.

Lophium dolabriforme Wallr., 1831.

Glyphium dolabriforme (Wallr.) F. Lehm., 1886.

Acrospermum fultum Harkn., 1884.

Distribution: NQ, Argentina; XII, Chile.

Habitat: Temperate-humid forests dominated by Nothofagus spp.

Substratum: On decorticated wood.

Herbarium: BCRU , BPI , CFB , DAVFP , FH, NY , RM, UC, WSP

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Goree (1974).

References: Barr (1990); Goree (1974); Lorenzo & Messuti (2005); Zogg (1962).

HYSTEROBREVIUM E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 62. 2009; Hysteriaceae

Type: Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch (fide Boehm et al. 2009b).

Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 62. 2009.

Hysterium mori Schwein., 1832.

Hysterographium mori (Schwein.) Rehm, 1876.

Hysterographium bonaerense Speg., 1881. Type: LPS 1283, holotype!

Hysterium formosum Cooke, 1878.

Hysterographium formosum (Cooke) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium gerardii Cooke & Peck, 1875 (as 'gerardi').

Hysterographium gerardii (Cooke & Peck) Sacc., 1883 (as 'gerardi').

Hysterium grammodes De Not., 1847.

Hysterographium grammodes (De Not.) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterographium grammodes var. minus Sacc., 1883.

Hysterographium guaraniticum Speg., 1888. Type: LPS 1273, holotype!

Hysterographium incisum Ellis & Everh., 1897.

Hysterium insulare P. Karst. & Har., 1890.

Hysterium lesquereuxii Duby, 1862.

Hysterographium lesquereuxii (Duby) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterographium portenum Speg., 1880. Type: LPS 1284, holotype!

Hysterographium punctiforme Pat., 1888.

Hysterographium pumilionis Rehm, 1887.

Hysterium putaminum Cooke, 1878.

Hysterographium putaminum (Cooke) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium rousselii De Not., 1847.

Hysterographium rousselii (De Not.) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterographium rousselii var. piri Feltgen, 1903.

Hysterographium ruborum Cooke, 1888.

Hysterium variabile Cooke & Peck, 1875.

Hysterographium variabile (Cooke & Peck) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium viticolum Cooke & Peck, 1875.

Hysterographium viticola (Cooke & Peck) Rehm, 1883.

Hysterium vulgare De Not., 1847.

Hysterographium ziziphi Pat., 1897 (as´zizyphi´).

Tryblidaria argentinensis Speg., 1909.

Distribution: BA, CA, SL, TU, Argentina.

Habitat: In Argentina, the species grows in a wide variety of temperate and subtropical environments.

Substratum: On bark and wood of Salix humboldtiana Willd., M. azedarach, Brosimum gaudichaudii Trécul, Citrus bigaradia Risso, P. parlatorei and Prosopis sp.

Herbarium: LIL, LPS, NY, NYS, PH

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b), Index Fungorum - www.indexfungorum.org - (2011) and Rosato (2007).

References: Barr (1990); Boehm et al. (2009b); Catania (2009); Lorenzo & Messuti (2009); Rosato (2007); Spegazzini (1880, 1881b, 1888, 1909); Zogg (1962).

HYSTEROGRAPHIUM Corda, Icon. fung (Prague) 5: 34, 77. 1842; Hysteriaceae

Type: Hysterographium fraxini (Pers.) De Not. (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Comments: This taxon is actually considered as a genus incertae sedis included in Pleosporomycetidae (Boehm et al., 2009b; Lumbsch & Huhndorf, 2010).

Hysterographium acerinum Peck = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium andicola Speg., Anal. Mus. Nac. Buenos. Aires 23: 85. 1912.

Type: LPS 1288-a, lectotype!

Distribution: MZ, Argentina.

Habitat: Area with xerophytic vegetation.

Substratum: On dead branches of Condalia microphylla Cav. and Bougainvillea spinosa (Cav.) Heimerl.

Herbarium: LPS

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (2009).

Hysterographium australe Speg., An. Soc. Cient. Argentina 12: 189. 1881.

Type: LPS 1291, holotype!

Distribution: BA, CA, Argentina.

Habitat: Xerophytic and humid zones.

Substratum: On decorticated wood of E. cristagalli and branches of unidentified species of shrubs.

Herbarium: LPS

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (2009); Spegazzini (1881a).

Hysterographium bonaerense Speg. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium ceanothi (W. Phillips & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium cumingii Speg., Rev. Fac. Agron. Vet. La Plata 6: 119. 1910.

Type: Not found.

Herbaria: LPS?

Comments: Doubtful species. Mentioned from Chile in Valparaíso (Spegazzini, 1910).

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (2009); Spegazzini (1910).

Hysterographium cuyanum Speg., Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 23: 86. 1912.

Type: LPS 1286, holotype!

Distribution: SJ, Argentina.

Habitat: Xerophyllic areas.

Substratum: On branches of Bulnesia retama (Gilles et Hook. & Arn.) Griseb.

Herbaria: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species. In the herbarium envelope of the type material the locality cited as Mendoza, Pie de Palo, corresponds to San Juan, Pie de Palo.

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (2009); Spegazzini (1912).

Hysterographium cylindrosporum Rehm = Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 2: 781. 1883.

Hysterium flexuosum Schwein., 1822.

Hysterographium acerinum Peck, 1913.

Hysterium ceanothi W. Phillips & Harkn., 1884.

Hysterographium ceanothi (W. Phillips & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino, 1886.

Hysterographium fuegianum Speg., 1887. Type: LPS 1296, holotype!

Hysterographium fuegianum f. intermedium Rehm, 1899. Type: S reg. nr. F 5851, holotype!

Hysterographium magellanicum Speg., 1887. Type: LPS 1295, holotype!

Lophium naviculare Schwein., 1834.

Hysterium prominens W. Phillips & Harkn., 1884.

Hysterographium prominens (W. Phillips & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino, 1886.

Hysterium vulvatum Schwein., 1834.

Hysterographium vulvatum (Schwein.) Sacc., 1883.

Distribution: NQ, RN, SC, TF, Argentina; XII, Chile.

Habitat: Temperate rainforests.

Substratum: On wood and bark of Nothofagus spp. and on bark of Escallonia serrata Sm.

Herbarium: B, BCRU, LPS, S

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Barr (2009) and Messuti & Lorenzo (2003).

References: Barr (2009); Lorenzo & Messuti (2009); Messuti & Lorenzo (2003); Spegazzini (1887); Zogg (1962).

Hysterographium fuegianum Speg. = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium formosum (Cooke) Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium fuegianum f. intermedium Rehm = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium gerardii (Cooke & Peck) Sacc. (as 'gerardi') = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium grammodes (De Not.) Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium grammodes var. minus Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium guaraniticum Speg. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium hiascens Rehm = Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium incisum Ellis & Everh. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium insidens (Schwein.) Sacc. = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium insigne Cooke & Harkn. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterographium kansense Ellis & Everh. = Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium lesquereuxii (Duby) Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium magellanicum Speg. = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium minutum M. L. Lohman = Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium mori (Schwein.) Rehm = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium portenum Speg. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium preandinum Speg., Anal. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 23: 87. 1912.

Type: LPS 1290-a, lectotype!

Distribution: MZ, Argentina.

Habitat: Xerophytic areas.

Substratum: On wood of Tricycla spinosa Cav. and B. retama.

Herbarium: LPS

References: Lorenzo & Messuti (2009); Spegazzini (1912).

Hysterographium prominens (W. Phillips & Harkn.) Berl. & Voglino = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium punctiforme Pat. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium pumilionis Rehm, = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium putaminum (Cooke) Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium rousselii (De Not.) Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium rousselii var. piri Feltgen = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium ruborum Cooke = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium variabile (Cooke & Peck) Sacc. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium viticola (Cooke & Peck) Rehm = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium vulvatum (Schwein.) Sacc. = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterographium ziziphi Pat. (as ´zizyphi´). = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterographium subrugosum (Cooke & Ellis) Sacc. = Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

HYSTERIUM Pers., Tent. disp. meth. fung. (Lipsiae): 5. 1797; Hysteriaceae

Type: Hysterium pulicare Pers. (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Hysterium abbreviatum Schwein. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Hysterium acuminatum Fr. = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium acuminatum var. alpinum Rehm = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium ajoense Speg., An. Soc. Cient. Argentina 12: 187. 1881a.

Type: LPS 1274, holotype n. v.

Distribution: BA, Argentina.

Habitat: Native xerophilic vegetation.

Substratum: On Scutia buxifolia Reissek Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species.

References: Spegazzini (1881a).

Hysterium ambiguum Duby = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium andicola Speg. = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium andinense Messuti & Lorenzo = Mytilinidion andinense (Messuti & Lorenzo) E. Boehm, C. L. Schoch & Spatafora

Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein., Consp. fung. (Leipzig): 55. 1805.

Gloniella ambigua P. Karst., 1891.

Hysterium ambiguum Duby, 1862.

Hysterium acuminatum Fr., 1823.

Hysterium acuminatum var. alpinum Rehm, 1881.

Hysterium angustatum var. cerotoniae Rolland, 1905.

Hysterium eucalypti W. Phillips & Harkn., 1884.

Hysterium karstenii M. L. Lohman, 1939.

Hysterium lentisci Rolland, 1901.

Hysterium pulicare var. angustatum Fr., 1823.

Hysterium pulicare var. totarae Sacc., 1908.

Distribution: BA, Argentina; VII, Chile.

Habitat: Introduced forest of E. viminalis (Argentina); in Chile data unknown.

Substratum: On bark of E. viminalis and on Santalum fernandezianum F. Phil.

Herbarium: BAFC, FH, IMI

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Zogg (1962).

References: Minter & Peredo López (2006); Mujica Richatt & Vergara Castillo (1980); Romero (1994); Zogg (1962).

Hysterium angustatum var. cerotoniae Rolland = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium apiculatum Starbäck = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium atlantis Maire = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium australe Duby = Gloniopsis australis (Duby) Sacc.

Hysterium batucense Speg. = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium berengeri Sacc. = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium ceanothi W. Phillips & Harkn. = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterium chilense Speg., Rev. Fac. Agron. Vet. Univ. Nac. La Plata 6: 117. 1910.

Type: LPS 1278, holotype n. v.

Distribution: V, VIII, Chile.

Habitat: Temperate forests.

Substratum: On Lapageria rosea Ruiz & Pav., Lardizabala biternata Ruiz & Pav., Lithraea caustica (Molina) Hook. & Arn.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species.

References: Minter & Peredo López (2006); Spegazzini (1910, 1921).

Hysterium complanatum Duby = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium connivens Cooke & Harkn. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium cookeanum W. R. Gerard = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium depressum Berk. & M. A. Curtis = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium discolor Speg., An. Soc. Cient. Argentina 9: 185. 1880.

Type: LPS 1223, holotype n. v.

Distribution: BA, Argentina.

Habitat: Temperate forests.

Substratum: On Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: Doubtful species.

References: Spegazzini (1880).

Hysterium eucalypti W. Phillips & Harkn. = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium flexuosum Schwein. = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterium formosum Cooke = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium gerardi Cooke & Peck (as 'gerardi') = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium grammodes De Not . = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium graphideum Speg. = Gloniella graphidoidea Rehm

Hysterium insidens Schwein. = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium insulare P. Karst. & Har. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium fusigerum Berk. & M. A. Curtis = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium janusiae Rehm = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium karstenii M. L. Lohman = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium lavandulae Urries = Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium lentisci Rolland = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium lesquereuxii Duby = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium lonicerae W. Phillips & Harkn. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium medium Cooke = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Hysterium mori Schwein. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium muelleri Duby = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium praelongum Schwein = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium prominens W. Phillips & Harkn. = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

Hysterium pulicare var. angustatum Fr. = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium pulicare var. totarae Sacc. = Hysterium angustatum Alb. & Schwein.

Hysterium putaminum Cooke = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium rousselii De Not. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium subrugosum Cooke & Ellis = Gloniopsis subrugosa (Cooke & Ellis) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium typhae Fuckel = Gloniella typhae (Fuckel) Sacc.

Hysterium vaccinii Carmich. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium variabile Cooke & Peck = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium verbasci Schwein. = Gloniopsis praelonga (Schwein.) Underw. & Earle

Hysterium viticolum Cooke & Peck = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium vulgare De Not. = Hysterobrevium mori (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch

Hysterium vulvatum Schwein . = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

LOPHIUM Fr., Syst. myc.: 534. 1823; Mytilinidiaceae

Type: Lophium mythilinium (Pers.) Fr. (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Lophium naviculare Schwein . = Hysterographium flexuosum (Schwein.) Sacc.

MYTILINIDION Duby, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. nat. Genève 16: 34. 1862; Mytilinidiaceae

Type: Mytilinidium aggregatum Duby (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Mytilinidion andinense (Messuti & Lorenzo) E. Boehm, C. L. Schoch & Spatafora, Mycol. Res. 113: 470. 2009.

Hysterium andinense Messuti & Lorenzo, 1997. Type: BAFC 33529, holotype!; BCRU 00450, isotype!

Distribution: CH, NQ, RN, Argentina.

Habitat: Mixed forests of Austrocedrus chilensis (D. Don) Pic. Serm. & Bizzarri

Substratum: On bark of A. chilensis.

Herbarium: BAFC, BCRU

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009a).

References: Boehm et al. (2009a); Messuti & Lorenzo (1997).

OEDOHYSTERIUM E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 59. 2009; Hysteriaceae

Type: Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch (fide Boehm et al. 2009b).

Oedohysterium insidens (Schwein.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 59. 2009.

Hysterium insidens Schwein., 1832.

Hysterographium insidens (Schwein.) Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium andicola Speg., 1912. Type: LPS 1272, holotype!

Hysterium apiculatum Starbäck, 1899.

Hysterium atlantis Maire, 1937.

Hysterium batucense Speg., 1910. Type: LPS 1282, holotype!

Hysterium berengerii Sacc., 1883.

Hysterium complanatum Duby, 1862.

Hysterium depressum Berk. & M. A. Curtis, 1875.

Hysterium fusigerum Berk. & M. A. Curtis, 1875.

Hysterium janusiae Rehm, 1898.

Hysterium lavandulae Urries, 1941.

Distribution: MZ, Argentina; XIII, Chile.

Habitat: Xerophytic regions.

Substratum: On Proustia cuneifolia D. Don and on Prosopis alpataco Phil.

Herbarium: LPS, FH

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b).

References: Boehm et al. (2009b); Messuti & Lorenzo (1997); Speggazini (1910, 1912).

PSILOGLONIUM Höhn., Annls. mycol. 16: 149. 1918; Hysteriaceae

Type: Psiloglonium lineare (Fr.) Petr. (fide Clements & Shear, 1973).

Psiloglonium parvulum (W. R. Gerard) E. Müll. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Psiloglonium ruthenicum (Petr.) Petr. = Glonium abbreviatum (Schwein.) M. L. Lohman

Psiloglonium araucanum (Speg.) E. Boehm, Marincowitz & Schoch., Stud. Mycol. 64: 23. 2009.

Glonium araucanum Speg., 1910. Type: LPS 1256, holotype!

Gloniella caucasica Rehm, 1912. Type:S, holotype!

Glonium caucasicum (Rehm) H. Zogg, 1962.

Distribution: VIII, Chile.

Habitat: Mixed forest of P. lingue, Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav.) Tul., Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Oerst. and N. alpina (Poepp. & Endl.) Oerst.

Substratum: On little branches of L. biternata, and on death branches of Caldcluvia paniculata (Cav.) D. Don

Herbarium: LPS, S

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b).

References: Boehm et al. (2009b); Messuti & Lorenzo (2007); Sepgazzini (1910, 1921); Zogg (1962).

Psiloglonium colihuae (Lorenzo & Messuti) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 23. 2009.

Glonium colihuae Lorenzo & Messuti, 1998.

Type: BCRU 1777, isotype!; LPS 45481, holotype!

Distribution: NQ, RN, Argentina.

Habitat: Temperate-humid forests of Nothofagus dombeyi and Valdivian rainforest.

Substratum: On C. culeou.

Herbarium: BCRU, LPS

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b).

References: Boehm et al. (2009b); Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Messuti & Lorenzo (2007).

Psiloglonium ephedrae (Henn.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 23. 2009.

Glonium ephedrae Henn., 1900. Type: S, lectotype!

Glonium costesii Speg., 1921 (as 'costesi'). Type: LPS 1259, holotype!

Distribution: V, Chile.

Habitat: Mixed forest of P. lingue, L. sempervirens, N. obliqua and N. alpina

Substratum: On Ephedra chilensis C. Presl and P. pyrifolia

Herbarium: LPS, S

Comments: The correct name of host species cited as Ephedra andicola by Boehm et al. (2009b) and Messuti & Lorenzo (2007) is Ephedra chilensis. The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b).

References: Boehm et al. (2009b); Lorenzo & Messuti (1998); Messuti & Lorenzo (2007); Spegazzini (1921).

Psiloglonium uspallatense (Speg.) E. Boehm & C. L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 23. 2009.

Glonium uspallatense Speg., 1909. Type: LPS 1264, holotype!

Distribution: MZ, Argentina.

Habitat: Semi-desert vegetation.

Substratum: On B. retama.

Herbarium: LPS

Comments: The synonymy of this species is based on Boehm et al. (2009b).

References: Boehm et al. (2009b); Messuti & Lorenzo (2007); Spegazzini (1909).

Conclusions

As a consequence of this checklist a total of 35 hysteriaceous taxa were recorded: Gloniella (8), Gloniopsis (5), Glonium (4), Glyphium (1), Hysterobrevium (1), Hysterographium (6), Hysterium (4), Mytilinidium (1), Oedohysterium (1) and Psiloglonium (4); from them, 16 taxa were registered from Argentina, 13 taxa from Chile, and 6 taxa from both countries. The known distributions of these fungi are probably a small portion of their actual distributions and the need for more collection of Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae is paramount.

Acknowledgements

Funds for this research were provided by Universidad Nacional del Comahue (UNComahue, 04B140) and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET, PIP 11220090100207).

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Original recibido el 6 de Julio de 2011;
primera decisión: 7 de Octubre de 2011;
aceptado el 19 de Octubre de 2011.

Editor responsable: Andrea Romero.