SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Referencias del artículo

MAJEED, Zahid et al. Caracterización genotípica de Staphylococcus aureus resistente a la meticilina prevalente en hospitales de Pakistán. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.2, pp. 257-270. ISSN 0325-2957.

    1. Kim T, Oh PI, Simor AE. The economic impact of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Canadian hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2001; 22: 99-104. [ Links ]

    2. Waldvogel FA. Staphylococcus aureus (including staphylococcal toxic shock). En: Mandell G, Bennett J, Dolin R, editors. In Principles and practice of infectious diseases, Mandell G, Bennett J, Dolin R, (ed) Philadelphia: Churchill Living Stone; 2000, p.p 2069-92. [ Links ]

    3. National Standard Method. Health Protection Agency, UK (http://www.hpa-standardmethods.org.uk/). [ Links ]

    4. Schneewind O, Model P, Fischetti VA. Sorting of protein A to the staphylococcal cell wall. Cell 1992; 70: 267-81. [ Links ]

    5. Guss B, Uhlen M, Nilsson B, Lindberg M, Sjoquist J, Sjodahl J. Region X, et al. tThe cell-wall-attachment part of staphylococcal protein A. Eur J Biochem 1984; 138: 413-20. [ Links ]

    6. Uhlen M, Guss B, Nilsson B, Gatenbeck S, Philipson L, Lindberg M, et al. Complete sequence of the staphylococcal gene encoding protein A. A gene evolved through multiple duplications. J Biol Chem 1984; 259: 1695-702. [ Links ]

    7. Harmsen D, Claus H, Witte W, Rothganger J, Claus H, Turnwald D, et al. Typing of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a university hospital setting by using novel software for spa repeat determination and database management. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41: 5442-8. [ Links ]

    8. Ashiq B, Tareen AK. Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a teaching hospital of Karachi: A Laboratory study. J Pak Med Assoc 1989; 39: 6-9. [ Links ]

    9. Siddiqui GM, Karamat KA, Hanan A. Prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A study at PAFHospital Sargodha. Pak J Pathol 1999; 10: 26-8. [ Links ]

    10. Forsgren A, Nordstrom K, Philipson L, Sjoquist J. Protein A mutants of Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 1983; 107: 245-50. [ Links ]

    11. Khatoon N, Bukhari MH, Riaz JR, Sheikh AS, Iqbal A, Naeem S, et al. Prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection laboratory study at Mayo Hospital Lahore. Biomedica 2002; 18: 49-52. [ Links ]

    12. Quereshi AH, Hanan A. The prevalence and susceptibility pattern of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Pak Armed Forces Med J 2003; 53: 198-201. [ Links ]

    13. Bukhari M, Iqbal A, Khatoon N, Iqbal N, Naeem S, Qureshi GR et al. A laboratory study of susceptibility of Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Pak J Med Sci 2004; 20: 229-33. [ Links ]

    14. Ali AM, Abbasi SA, Ari S, Mirza IA.: Nosocomial infections due to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in hospitalized patients. Pak J Med Sci 2007; 23: 593-6. [ Links ]

    15. Andrews JM. BSAC standardized disc susceptibility testing method (version 3). J Antimicrob Chemother 2004; 53: 713-28. [ Links ]

    16. Japoni A, Alborzi A, Rasouli M, Pourabbas B. Modified DNA Extraction for rapid PCR detection of Methicillin resistant staphylococci. Iranian Biomedical J 2003; 8 (3): 161-5. [ Links ]

    17. Strommenger BC, Kettlitz T, Weniger D, Harmsen A, Friedrich W, Witte W, et al. Assignment of Staphylococcus isolates to groups by spa typing, SmaImacrorestriction analysis, and multilocus sequence typing. J Clin Microbiol 2006; 44: 2533-40. [ Links ]

    18. Sabat A, Krzyszton-Russjan J, Strzalka W, Filipek R, Kosowska K, Hryniewicz W, et al. New method for typing Staphylococcus aureus strains: multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis of polymorphism and genetic relationships of clinical isolates. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41: 1801-4. [ Links ]

    19. Montesinos I, Salido E, Delgado T, Cuervo M, Sierra1. Epidemiologic genotyping of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis at a University Hospital and comparison with antibiotyping and potein A and coagulase gene polymorphism. J Clin Microbiol 2002; 40: 2119-25. [ Links ]

    20. Frenay HM, Bunschoten AE, Schouls LM, van Leeuwen WJ, Vandenbroucke-Grauls CM, Verhoef J, et al. Molecular typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on the basis of protein A gene polymorphism. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1996; 15: 60-4. [ Links ]

    21. Hoefnagels-Schuermans A, Peetermans WE, Struelens MJ, Van Lierde S, Van Eldere J. Clonal analysis and identification of epidemic strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by antibiotyping and determination of protein A gene and coagulase gene polymorphisms. J Clin Microbiol 1997; 35: 2514-20. [ Links ]

    22. Koreen L, Ramaswamy SV, Graviss EA, Naidich S, Musser JM, Kreiswirth BN:. spa Typing method for Discrimination among Staphylococcus aureus isolates: Implications for use of a single marker to detect genetic micro-and macrovariation. J Clin Microbiol 2004; 42: 792-9. [ Links ]

    23. Frenay HM, Theelen JP, Schouls LM, Vandenbroucke-Grauls CM, Verhoef J, van Leeuwen WJ, et al. Discrimination of epidemic and nonepidemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains on the basis of protein A gene polymorphism. J Clin Microbiol 1994; 32: 846-7. [ Links ]

    24. Frenay HM, Theelen JP, Schouls LM, Vandenbroucke-Grauls CM, Verhoef J, van Leeuwen WJ, et al. Discrimination of epidemic and nonepidemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains on the basis of protein A gene polymorphism. J Clin Microbiol 1994; 32: 846-7. [ Links ]

    25. Shopsin B, Gomez M, Montgomery SO, Smith DH, Waddington M, Dodge DE, et al. Evaluation of protein A gene polymorphic region DNA sequencing for typing of Staphylococcus aureus strains. J Clin Microbiol 1999; 39: 3556-63. [ Links ]

    26. Vimercati C, Cremonesi P, Castiglioni B, Pisonil G, Boettcher PJ, Stella A, et al. Molecular typing of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from Cows, Goats and Sheep with intramammary infections on the basis of gene polymorphisms and toxins genes. J Vet Med 2006; 53: 423-8. [ Links ]

    27. Brigido MDM, Barardi CR, Bonjardin CA, Santos CL, Junqueira ML, Brentani RR, et al. Nucleotide sequence of a variant protein A of Staphylococcus aureus suggests molecular heterogeneity among strains. J. Basic Microbiol 1991; 31: 337-45. [ Links ]

    28. Kahl BC, Mellmann A, Deiwick S, Peters G, Dag Harmsen.: Variation of the polymorphic region X of the protein A gene during persistent airway infection of cystic fibrosis patients reflects two independent mechanisms of genetic change in Staphylococcus aureus. J Clin Microbiol 2005; 43: 502-5. [ Links ]