SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Referencias del artículo

LINK, Andres; DI FIORE, Anthony; GALVIS, Nelson  y  FLEMING, Erin. Patterns of mineral lick visitation by lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) and lowland paca (Cuniculus paca) in a western amazonian rainforest in Ecuador. Mastozool. neotrop. [online]. 2012, vol.19, n.1, pp. 63-70. ISSN 0327-9383.

    1. ATWOOD TC and HP WEEKS. 2003. Sex-specific patterns of mineral lick preference in white-tailed deer. Northeastern Naturalist 10:409-414. [ Links ]

    2. BLAKE JG, J GUERRA, D MOSQUERA, R TORRES, BA LOISELLE, and D ROMO. 2010. Use of mineral licks by white-bellied spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) and red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Eastern Ecuador. International Journal of Primatology 31:471-483. [ Links ]

    3. BLAKE JG, D MOSQUERA, J GUERRA, BA LOISELLE, D ROMO, and K SWING. 2011. Mineral licks as diversity hotspots in lowland forest of eastern Ecuador. Diversity 3:217-234. [ Links ]

    4. BODMER RE. 1990. Fruit patch size and frugivory in the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris). Journal of Zoology 222:121-128. [ Links ]

    5. BRIGHTSMITH DJ. 2004. Effects of weather in parrot geophagy at Tambopata, Peru. The Wilson Bulletin 116:134-145. [ Links ]

    6. BRIGHTSMITH DJ and RA MUÑOZ-NAJAR. 2004. Avian geophagy and soil characteristics in southeastern Peru. Biotropica 36:534-543. [ Links ]

    7. BURGER J and M GOCHFELD. 2003. Parrot behaviour at a Rio Manu (Peru) clay lick: temporal patterns, associations and antipredator responses. Acta Ethologica 6:23-34. [ Links ]

    8. DI FIORE A. 1997. Ecology and behavior of lowland woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha poeppiggi, Atelinae) in eastern Ecuador. Ph. D. Dissertation, University of California, Davis. [ Links ]

    9. EMMONS LH and F FEER. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [ Links ]

    10. EMMONS LH and NM STARCK. 1979. Element composition of a natural mineral lick in Amazonia. Biotropica 11:311-313. [ Links ]

    11. FERRARI FF, LM VEIGA, and B URBANI. 2008. Geophagy in New World monkeys (Platyrrhini): ecological and geographic patterns. Folia Primatologica 79:402-415. [ Links ]

    12. GALETTI M, A KEUROGHLIAN, L HANADA, and MI MORATO. 2001. Frugivory and seed dispersal by the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) in Southeast Brazil. Biotropica 33:723-726. [ Links ]

    13. GILARDI JD, SS DUFFEY, CA JUN, and LA TELL. 1999. Biochemical functions of geophagy in parrots: detoxification of dietary toxins and cytoprotective effects. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25:897-922. [ Links ]

    14. HENRY O, F FEER, and D SABATIER. 2000. Diet of the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris L.) in French Guiana. Biotropica 32:364-368. [ Links ]

    15. HOLDO RM, JP DUDLEY and LR MCDOWELL. 2002. Geophagy in the African elephant in relation to availability of dietary sodium. Journal of Mammology 83:652-664. [ Links ]

    16. IZAWA K. 1993. Soil-eating by Ateles and Alouatta. International Journal of Primatology 14:229-242. [ Links ]

    17. JOHNS T and M DUQUETTE. 1991. Detoxification and mineral supplementation as functions of geophagy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53:448-456. [ Links ]

    18. JONES RL and HC HANSON. 1985. Mineral licks, geophagy and biogeochemistry in North American ungulates. Iowa State University Press, Ames. [ Links ]

    19. KLAUS G and B SCHMID. 1998. Geophagy at natural licks and mammal ecology: a review. Mammalia 62:481-497. [ Links ]

    20. KREULEN DA. 1985. Lick use by large herbivores: a review of benefits and banes of soil consumption. Mammal Review 15:107-123. [ Links ]

    21. KRISHNAMANI R and WC MAHANEY. 2000. Geophagy among primates: adaptive significance and ecological consequences. Animal Behaviour 59:899-915. [ Links ]

    22. LEE ATK, S KUMAR, DJ BRIGHTSMITH and SJ MARSDEN. 2009. Parrot claylick distribution in South America: do patterns of "where" help answer the question of "why"? Ecography 32:1-11. [ Links ]

    23. LINK A. 2011. Social and ecological determinants of "Fission-Fusion" sociality and grouping strategies in the white bellied spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth belzebuth) in a lowland rainforest in Western Amazonia. PhD Thesis, New York University, NY. [ Links ]

    24. LINK A, N GALVIS, E FLEMING, and A DI FIORE. 2011. Patterns of mineral lick visitation by spider monkeys and howler monkeys in Amazonia: are licks perceived as risky areas? American Journal of Primatology 73:386-396. [ Links ]

    25. LIZCANO DJ and J CAVELIER. 2004. Características químicas de salados y hábitos alimenticios de la danta de montaña (Tapirus pinchaque Roulin, 1829) en los Andes centrales de Colombia. Mastozoologia Neotropical 11(2):193-201. [ Links ]

    26. LIZCANO DJ and J CAVELIER. 2000. Dalily and seasonal activity of the mountain tapir (Tapirus pinchaque) in the Central Andes of Colombia. Journal of Zoology 252:429-435. [ Links ]

    27. MAHANEY WC, MW MILNER, S AUFREITER, RGV HANCOCK, R WRANGHAM, and S CAMPBELL. 2005. Soils consumed by chimpanzees of the Kanyawara community in the Kibale forest, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology 26:1375-1398. [ Links ]

    28. MATSUBAYASHI H, P LAGAN, N MAJALAP, J TANGAH, ABD RAFIAH, J SUKOR, and K KITAYAMA. 2007. Importance of natural licks for the mammals in Bornean inland tropical rain forests. Ecological Research 22:742-748. [ Links ]

    29. MILLS A and A MILEWSKI. 2007. Geopaghy and nutrient in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, with particular reference to selenium, cobalt and molybdenum. Journal of Zoology 271:110-118. [ Links ]

    30. MONTENEGRO OL. 2004. Natural licks as keystone resources for wildlife and people in Amazonia. PhD Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville. [ Links ]

    31. OATES JF. 1978.Water-plant and soil consumption by guereza monkeys (Colobus guereza): a relationship with minerals and toxins in the diet? Biotropica 10:241-253. [ Links ]

    32. TOBLER MW, SE CARRILLO-PERCASTERGUI, and G POWELL. 2009. Habitat use, activity patterns and use of mineral licks by 5 species of ungulate in South- Eastern Peru. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25:261-270. [ Links ]

    33. VOIGT CC, KA CAPPS, DKN DECHMANN, RH MICHENER, and TH KUNZ. 2008. Nutrition or detoxification: why bats visit mineral licks of the Amazonian rainforest? PLoS ONE 3(4):e2011. [ Links ]

    34. VOIGT CC, DKN DECHMANN, BJ RINEHART, and RH MICHENER. 2007. Mineral licks attract Neotropical seed-dispersing bats. Research Letters in Ecology 2007:4. [ Links ]